Vulnerability: XSS in Image Name

We have frequently come across cross-site scripting vulnerability (more about XSS) in input fields where HTML special characters are not sanitized. However, these days most developers are aware of this vulnerability and diligently filter user-supplied inputs in forms and URLs.So, most of the applications are not vulnerable to this attack. But that hasn’t stopped attackers from identifying a new way to insert malicious JavaScript code into the application – through the image name parameter. Most developers often miss out on sanitizing the uploaded image name parameter. Taking advantage of this vulnerability, attackers are executing stored cross-site scripting attacks in the application. If the image is not stored in the application then it is considered as a reflected XSS vulnerability. If the image is getting stored in the application then it is considered as a stored XSS vulnerability. Attack procedure:

  1. Take any application and login to it. 
  2. Go to the profile path. 
  3. In the upload image parameter, insert the image which has the name as below payloads.


“><img src=x onerror=alert(0)>.jpeg


 “><img src=x onerror=alert(0)>.png 

Now upload an image with the image name as above payload in any application and observe the changes. Remediation: Sanitize image names before uploading them on to applications. Research by Jos Rohill

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